Manchester Facts

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Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, North West England. The Manchester metropolitan borough has a population of 514,417 in 2013 and lies within the Greater Manchester built-up area, the United Kingdom's second most populous urban area which has a population of 2.55 million.

Manchester of United Kingdom
Manchester of United Kingdom

Manchester is located in the south-central part of North West England, fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south and the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local council is Manchester City Council, and the city's inhabitants are referred to as Mancunians.

Manchester of United Kingdom
Manchester of United Kingdom

The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium, which was established around 79 AD on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. Historically, Manchester was in Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire, south of the River Mersey were incorporated into the city during the 20th century.

Manchester of United Kingdom
Manchester of United Kingdom

The city is notable for its architecture, culture, music scene, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Known through time as a hotbed for radical ideas, Manchester was the site of the world's first railway station and is where scientists first split the atom, and developed the first stored-program computer.

Manchester of United Kingdom
Manchester of United Kingdom

Manchester is also regarded as the birthplace of Women's suffrage in the United Kingdom, and both capitalism and communism. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels began to write the Communist Manifesto at Chetham Library, the oldest public library in the English-speaking world.

Manchester of United Kingdom
Manchester of United Kingdom

Today Manchester is ranked as a beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Its metropolitan economy is the third largest in the United Kingdom with a GDP of $88.3bn (2012 est., PPP). Manchester is the third-most visited city in the UK by foreign visitors, after London and Edinburgh.

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